Born August 3, 1884, Brest, Byelorussia (now Belarus) Emigrated 1884-5 Died June 10, 1964, Beverly Hills, California
About Louis Gruenberg
Like many of his contemporaries, Gruenberg spent much of his dramatic energies on operetta and the developing American musical; even his traditional operas are influenced by jazz and Broadway idioms.
The Emperor Jones, Gruenberg's best-known opera, was one of the most talked-about American works of its time, despite its unusual scoring and staging. Another work, Green Mansions, was written for radio and featured a prominent solo role for the musical saw.
Gruenberg also made considerable contributions to film music, winning three Academy awards for his work in Hollywood. He was also a prominent musical citizen in other ways, including as one of the founders of the LEague of Composers. Several of his operas remain unperformed, including The Dumb Wife, for which he failed to get permission to use the source material from author Anatole France.
The title of Gruenberg's Jack and the Beanstalk is given in some sources as Jack in the Beanstalk.
The Bride of the Gods Libretto after Busoni, translated by C. H. Meltzer. 1913
The Dumb Wife, chamber opera Libretto after The Man Who Married a Dumb Wife, by Anatole France after Rabelais. 1923
Jack and the Beanstalk, children's opera Libretto by John Erskine. 1931
The Emperor Jones, opera in one act Libretto by the composer after the play by Eugene O'Neill. composed 1931; premiere January 7, 1933, Metropolitan Opera, New York, New York, Beusner, Windham, Tibbett, c. Serafin, d. Mielziner, p. Sanine (10 or 11 performances); also 17 Nov 1933, San Francisco; Chicago, 1946; Rome, 1950
Queen Helen (1936)
Green Mansions, radio opera Libretto after after the novel by W. H. Hudson. 1937
Helena's Husband Libretto by P. Moeller. 1938
Volpone Libretto by the composer after Ben Jonson. 1945
One Night of Cleopatra Libretto by the composer after after T. Gautier. 1945
The Miracle of Flanders, mystery play (1945)
The Delicate King Libretto by the composer after Alexandre Dumas. 1955
Antony and Cleopatra Libretto by the composer after Shakespeare. 1955; also revised version prem. 1961